Within the context of the TEN-T Mediterranean Corridor Global Project, this Action focuses on freight transport connecting Lyon and Madrid (CLYMA) to enable a coordinated implementation of the network. It comprises of studies on the organization and optimal implementation of the TEN-T network, taking into account long-term perspectives, environmental aspects and associated needs, as well as studies that promote environmental sustainability, resource efficiency and low–carbon transport within an integrated transport concept. This should stimulate the deployment of the Green Corridor concept as introduced in the Freight Logistic Action Plan. The project also intends to develop a managerial structure for the intermodal corridor.
General outline of the project
The aim of the TEN-T network new proposal is to transform the existing patchwork of European roads, rails, airport, inland waters and ports into a unified, sustainable and efficient transport network. Two layers of the TEN-T network are established: the comprehensive network (the basic layer which is planned to be in place by 2050 and it will ensure full coverage of the EU and accessibility of all regions) and the core network, which overlays the comprehensive network and it constitutes the backbone of the development of a multimodal transport network to be finished by 2030.
The long term implementation of the core network should take into account criteria such as territorial cohesion and economic development, spatial planning, environmental, sustainability and climate change objectives and connections to neighbour countries. It must be formed by nodes and multimodal links among others.
The Development of the Lyon-Madrid axis on the TEN-T Mediterranean Corridor global project aims to support the long term implementation of the TEN-T, in particular the development of corridor number 3 – the Mediterranean Corridor for freight – between Madrid and Lyon that shall enable a coordinated implementation of the network. This will address studies on the organisation and optimal implementation of the TEN-T network (Articles 4 and 5 of the TEN-T Guidelines) taking into account long term perspectives, environmental aspects and associated needs, including studies that promote environmental sustainability, resource efficiency and low-carbon transport within an integrated transport concept. This should stimulate the deployment of the “Green Corridor” concept, as introduced in the “Freight Logistics Action Plan”.
The development of the corridor, in the meaning given by the EU, is in its beginning. It should be noted the work undertaken on the railway by the Rail Freight Corridor 6 Consortium. The TEN-T Mediterranean Corridor 3 covers the connection between Algeciras–Madrid–Tarragona, Sevilla–Valencia–Tarragona, Tarragona–Barcelona–Perpignan–Lyon–Torino–Milano–Venezia–Ljubljana– Budapest–UA border.
The total Med corridor includes 74.2M people representing 14,7% of the EU-27 population and 13,1% of the EU-27 GDP.
Current situation and needs addressed by the project
The Iberian Peninsula and the shores of the Mediterranean, where there are very high volumes of road traffic, need to be connected to the main ports in the Mediterranean Basin (Barcelona, Tarragona, Valencia, Marseille, Genoa, Trieste, Koper) with their hinterlands and with the main industrial areas in Southern Europe. Around Barcelona, Lyon and the Rhône corridor in France, and Northern Italy (Turin, Milan, Verona) there is a need to connect the main nodes with a multimodal perspective ensuring interoperability between the various transport modes by developing new technologies and concepts for infrastructure planning and management (green corridor concept). Uncoordinated planning result in an inefficient use of resources and increased costs of infrastructures and in the chain of operations.
The PP3 Mediterranean Corridor is included in one of the 9 Priority Projects pre-identified among the Core Network Corridors and to be developed under the Connecting Europe Facility for Transport (CEF Transport). Under the same corridor, the project Rail Freight Corridor 6 (TEN-T Annual Call 2011) is under development and will contribute to the General Project on the railway aspects.
In order to deploy the corridor one of the main needs is the acceleration and facilitation of the implementation works. The CLYMA project will do studies concerning the development of the corridor with the aim of creating a mature project pipeline for 2014 and beyond to implement the TEN-T Network. These studies will accelerate the implementation of projects for all modes: environmental studies, design studies, IT studies, governance/management studies and promotion.