The Action is composed of 8 activities:
- ACTIVITY 1 – Analysis of the current and future situation of the Lyon – Madrid Axis
- ACTIVITY 2 – Development of an intermodal corridor
- ACTIVITY 3 – Developing an intermodal management structure for the Lyon – Madrid Axis in the Mediterranean corridor
- ACTIVITY 4 – Development of the concept of “green corridor” in the Lyon – Madrid Section of the Mediterranean corridor
- ACTIVITY 5 – Development of a strategic plan for ICT integration among the Axis agents
- ACTIVITY 6 – Pilot strategic projects and studies alongside the corridor
- ACTIVITY 7 – Promotion of the corridor
- ACTIVITY 8 – Coordination and monitoring of the Action
Analysis of the current and future situation of the Lyon – Madrid Axis
The objective of the activity is to define a coherent and transparent approach to maximise the EU added value of the TEN-T, addressing aspects of network fragmentation related to missing links, multimodality, and adequate connections to neighboring and third countries, as well as to ensure adequate geographical coverage.
This activity includes:
- The development of a demand study on the Lyon – Madrid Axis
- The preparation of a supply study on the Lyon – Madrid Axis
- The development of a catalogue of terminals and associated services along the Axis
Development of an intermodal corridor
The objective of the activity is to identify the current problems and needs in the Lyon-Madrid Axis and to develop a plan to overcome these problems and to prepare a financial analysis linked to the proposed solutions.
It is necessary to identify the existing problems on the Axis, considering not only the infrastructure-related but also other problems.
It is necessary to:
- Identify the infrastructure bottlenecks and crossbording problems on the Lyon – Madrid Axis. As some examples: adaptation of the crossbording section in Port Bou to UIC gauge, Lyon rail bypass, improvement in Nîmes- Montpellier rail section, adaptation of the Madrid – Zaragoza-Barcelona border sidetracks to 750 m length trains, rail and road accesses to the Port of Barcelona, etc.
- Identify the technical problems. Examples include rail electrification in different voltages, signaling systems, communications and ICT, etc.
- Identify the existing organisational problems (slots management, customs problems, inspection problems, change of drivers at the border, idiomatic problems, etc.)
- Analyse the liberalisation of rail services on the Lyon – Madrid Axis
The development of the Madrid-Barcelona high speed line (opened in February 2008) is an example of a successful story on the Lyon – Madrid Axis. This new 621 km line has halved the journey time between both cities and has attracted millions of passengers from air and road to rail, with an estimated reduction of 140.000 tones of CO2 emissions per year. But problems in rail freight transport still remain. The high speed line is not suitable for cargo, and the old Iberian gauge line allows only non-competitive 400-meter-length trains. In fact, these recent infrastructure improvements have not modified the modal cargo split as freight is currently still sent mostly by road. Therefore further steps are required.
The activity includes:
- The identification of current problems on the Lyon – Madrid Section of the Mediterranean corridor
- The needs of terminals and services that allow for the development of an efficient and competitive intermodal supply
- The elaboration of an intermodal development plan for the Lyon – Madrid Axis
- The development of an investment and financial analysis on the axis
Developing an intermodal management structure for the Lyon – Madrid Axis in the Mediterranean corridor
The objective of the activity is the design of an intermodal managerial structure for the Lyon-Madrid Axis. This structure must be extensible to the rest of the corridor through the addition of new members with a goal of developing a Corridor management structure in the Global Project based on the results of this Action. The managerial structure should be in charge of the intermodal coordination of the corridor, setting the priorities for intermodal developments, as well as facilitate the relationships between the different transport modes and the different administrations involved.
The intermodal management structure for the corridor must include all stakeholders: Member States, European regions, rail infrastructure managers, maritime and inland port managers, airport managers, terminals, rail operators and end users. This calls for the participation of public and private actors (both at state and at regional levels) as well as the participation of all different transport modes on the corridor.
The development and implementation of this activity will be managed with the Corridor Coordinator appointed by the European Commission and with the Commission Services.
This activity includes:
- A benchmarking on Corridor Management Models
- The design of a Management / Governance Model for the Axis
- The design of a Management Model for the Corridor
- The design of a Management Model for the Node
- A pilot Action on the start-up of a managing body for the Zaragoza RTT node and adaptation of infrastructure and capacity requirements in the Zaragoza node
Development of the concept of “green corridor” in the Lyon – Madrid Section of the Mediterranean corridor
The concept of green transport corridors will reflect an integrated transport concept where short sea shipping, inland navigation, rail and road complement each other enabling the choice of environmentally friendly transport. Along these corridors, industry should be encouraged to rely on co-modality and on advanced technology in order to accommodate rising traffic volumes while promoting environmental sustainability and energy efficiency.
This activity aims to:
- Create a standardized system to measure the sustainability of transport services on the corridor
- Propose measures for the “green development” of the CLYMA axis
- Integrate the “greening objectives” into a future corridor development plan
- Develop a calculator for calculating CO2 emissions and other pollutants on the CLYMA axis
Access to the CLYMA ecocalculator
Development of a strategic plan for ICT integration among the Axis agents
Information and communication technologies (ICT) can greatly contribute towards intermodality by improving infrastructures, fleet management, traffic management, track and trace of goods across the transport networks, by simplifying document and administrative procedures, and better connecting businesses and administrations. However, ICT developments usually do not have an intermodal perspective, and do not have a Corridor perspective, as they are generally developed under a uni-modal point of view (based on one transport mode and with difficult integration with other modes) or through a node perspective (based on transactions between agents in one transport node such as a port or a terminal).
- The development of a global analysis for efreight requirements among agents and administrations
- The development of a master plan for the ICT integration among the Axis agents and administrations in order to facilitate the execution of intermodal activities
Pilot strategic projects and studies alongside the corridor
In order to facilitate the long-term implementation of the corridor some analysis and studies are necessary. This activity intends to deploy some of these strategic pilot analyses, studies and projects in order to facilitate the future implementation of the corridor, including:
- Development of a constructive project for the port accesses
- Studies for the enlargement of inland terminals
- Studies for the implementation of rail motorway terminals
- Study for the implementation of a multi-client train between Spain and the rest of Europe
- Constructive project for the intermodal terminal
- Mitigation actions on bottlenecks for rail motorways
Promotion of the corridor
This activity aims to promote the CLYMA project initiative and its headways to all the agents who do not collaborate directly with this project but could be interested in it. The final goal is to promote the Lyon-Madrid Axis and the Mediterranean Corridor. This activity is extended to both private and public enterprises and public opinion in general. For that purpose, an inventory of dissemination channels will be performed, and potential channels in the future will be taken into account.
The activity includes:
- Design of the promotion campaign and elaboration of promotional materials
- The creation of a corporate image which will help identify the project
- The creation of a website for promotion and information of the Mediterranean Corridor, initially centered on the Lyon-Madrid Axis but extensible to the rest of the Corridor. www.clyma.eu
- Presentations will be made in the following cities: Madrid, Guadalajara, Zaragoza, Lleida, Tarragona, Barcelona, Girona, Perpignan, Narbonne, Montpellier, Nîmes, Valence, Lyon, Paris, Brussels (15 presentations). The content structure should address the Trans-European Transport, its development, the Mediterranean Corridor and the CLYMA axis
- Participation in fairs and congresses – SIL (Barcelona), SITL (Paris)
- Press office
Coordination and monitoring of the Action
This activity covers the management and organisation activities of the Action that will be required throughout its duration. In order to manage the project the following bodies will be established:
- CLYMA Partners’ General Assembly: it is the body where all project partners are represented. The Partners’ General Assembly will be led by a Secretary General.
- Project Board: it is the central governing body of the CLYMA project. The Project Board will report periodically to the Partners’ General Assembly.
- Project Manager: the person will be nominated by the Coordinator of the Action, will be responsible for coordinating the project and will chair the Project Board.
- Stakeholders Forum (SF): it will assist the Project Board. The SF should comprise Member States (France and Spain), regional governments, rail infrastructure managers, main rail operators on the axis, port authorities, road operators, terminal operators, road infrastructure managers and final users, with the possible inclusion of external independent experts. Representatives of DG-MOVE and TEN-T EA will be invited to participate. The Stakeholders Forum will meet three times.
- Technical Committee: its responsibilities will be to guarantee the technical execution of the project, ensuring that the work executed by each partner proceeds at all levels and that the necessary technical links between partner stakeholders are established and maintained.